Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India

Volume 16 Issue 1

Marine fisheries of the Gulf of Suez.

A. F. A. Latif

The Gulf of Suez, one of the two northern Gulfs of the Red Sea, is a flat-bottom shelf of this sea and its depth does not exceed 100 m and this is in contradistinction of the Gulf of Aqaba which is a much deeper trench. Two main fishing methods are used in the Gulf of Suez. There are trawling by otter trawl and purse- seining, Other methods are cast nets, set nets, beach seines, hook and line, etc. On the whole, trawling and purse-seining are the most productive methods and contribute for more than 75 % of the landings which showed progressive increase from 1959 till 1962, from about 6,000 to 25,000 tons respectively. This increase was mainly due to introduction of purse-seines in 1960 and the increase of purse seiners from 5 in 1960 to 16 in 1962. However, after this year the total production went on declining and reached about 12,000 tons in 1966. This is mainly due to declining of the landings of sardine from about 16,000 tons in 1968 to about 1,500 tons in 1966. On the contrary, bottom fishing has increased from 30% in 1962 to 72% in 1966, although the actual landings did not differ greatly.

Statistical data for fish landings are available for the Gulf of Suez as well as the adjacent part of the Suez Canal up to Ismailiya. This area has 8 landing sites of which receiving centres of Suez and of Al-Khor are the main and receive most of the fish landings. The paper discusses various aspects connected with the fisheries of the Gulf of Suez.

Date : 30-04-1974